After your operation, your surgeon will prescribe an anticoagulant treatment. An anticoagulant is a drug that helps thin the blood. It can be given as a preventive measure to prevent blood clots from forming or as a curative measure to limit the possible complications related to the formation of a clot.
In your case, this treatment will be given as a preventive measure. Preventing clot formation will allow you to avoid complications such as venous embolism. Current recommendations for optimal prophylaxis after hip or knee replacement surgery include medications such as :
- Low molecular weight heparins: Clexane (Enoxaparin), Arixtra (fondaparinux)
- Antivitamins K: Coumadin (Warfarin), Sintrom (Coumarin derivative)
- DOACs or NOACs* : Dabigatran (Pradaxa), Rivaroxaban (Xarelto), Apixaban (Eliquism), Edoxaban (Lixiana)
This judicious choice will be decided by your surgeon based on your medical profile : history, current treatment(s), Body Mass Index, risk factors and so on, but also according to the current guidelines for prevention following arthroplasty.